In this chapter, the problem of quaternion beamformer based on linear and widely linear hypercomplex processing is investigated in scenarios, where there exist one signal and one interference that are uncorrelated. First, we introduce brief information about the quaternion algebra and a quaternion model of linear symmetric array with two-component electromagnetic (EM) vector-sensors is presented. Based on array’s quaternion model, a quaternion MVDR (QMVDR) beamformer is derived and its performance is analysed. Second, we propose the general expression of a quaternion semi-widely linear (QSWL) beamformer and derive its useful implementation and the array’s gain expression. Finally, we give the main results of Monte Carlo simulation.
Part of the book: Antenna Arrays and Beam-formation