The advances in nanotechnology have found application in different fields, such as food, agriculture, materials, chemistry, and medicine. However, one of the most important approaches is the development of nanocarriers and, in order to understand their structural organization, different physicochemical techniques have been used. In particular, small angle X‐ray scattering (SAXS) and X‐ray diffraction (XRD) have given important contribution to the study of organization phase of nanocarriers such as organic/inorganic nanoparticles, micelles, liposomes, cyclodextrins, polymers, and their interaction with drugs and other bioactive molecules. In this chapter, we will present theoretical aspects, experimental design, and the applications of both techniques for the development of delivery systems for bioactive molecules.
Part of the book: X-ray Scattering
Molecular dynamics simulation is a very powerful tool to understand biomolecular processes. In this chapter, we go over different applications of this methodology to drug delivery systems (DDS) carried out in the group. DDS—a formulation or a device that enables the introduction of a therapeutic substance in the body and improves its efficacy and safety by controlling the rate, time, and place of release of drugs—are an important component of drug development and therapeutics. Biocompatible nanoparticles are materials in the nanoscale that emerged as important players, improving efficacy of approved drugs, for example. The molecular understanding of the encapsulation process could be very helpful to guide the nanocarrier for a specific system. Here we discuss different applications of drug delivery carriers, such as liposomes, polymeric micelles, and polymersomes using atomistic and coarse grain (CG) molecular dynamics simulations.
Part of the book: Molecular Dynamics