Primary open-angle glaucoma is a progressive ocular neuropathy that if left untreated may lead to blindness. The main risk factor for developing glaucoma is increased intraocular pressure. Intraocular pressure is regulated by the balance of aqueous humour synthesis and secretion into the eye and outflow from the eye; therefore, most therapies for glaucoma seek lowering intraocular pressure to avoid disease progression. There are several types of drugs in the market for the treatment of glaucoma, but there are still unmet needs to be overcome; therefore, significant effort has been put in the last few years to develop new medicines with innovative mechanisms of action as well as devices to improve quality of life in glaucoma patients. The present review offers a thorough revision of the latest advances in the glaucoma therapy field, focusing on innovative approaches, new targets and new mechanisms of action.
Part of the book: Glaucoma