Owing to its excellent light harvesting, high-charge carrier mobility, and long electron- and hole-transport lengths, organic–inorganic lead halide perovskite solar cells have attracted enormous attention recently under the urgent demands of green energy with environmental friendliness. Although various photovoltaic architectures based on alkylammonum lead halides have been fabricated and have achieved impressive power conversion efficiencies (PCEs), there are still several issues that need to be further addressed and solved properly, for example, the requirement of facile fabrication procedure, the chemical stability of perovskite films, and the environmental friendliness. Herein, we review the recent experimental progress on the external doping of hybrid perovskite devices by organics and metals, which demonstrate the tuning of optical absorption gap and the enhancement of both devices’ stability and performance. Doping at varying layers in the perovskite films was discovered to contribute differently to the improvement of the hybrid organic–inorganic electronics. In the end, prospective was also made on the development of hybrid organic–inorganic devices.
Part of the book: Nanoelectronics and Materials Development