The spatial grating formation at metal surface under the linear polarized laser radiation action is briefly considered. The spatial grating periods are well described in framework of universal polariton model (UPM) and are well-defined physical quantities. The production of new-type gratings (quasi-gratings) at laser power densities lower than the metal melting threshold with power-dependent typical spatial scale and polarization-dependent orientation are discovered. The regularities of quasi-grating production are experimentally studied. The physical model of quasi-grating formation explaining the anisotropic character of metal recrystallization is suggested. The anisotropy is caused by the directed electron flux interaction with grain boundaries. The electron flux results from the drag effect of electrons by surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). SPPs are excited by incident laser radiation on the surface irregularities including the grain boundaries. The volume analog of considered effect is the electroplastic one, and some of its regularities are considered.
Part of the book: Study of Grain Boundary Character