Energy transfer in mixed convection unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of an incompressible nanofluid inside a channel filled with a saturated porous medium is investigated. The walls of the channel are kept at constant temperature, and uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the direction of the flow. Three different flow situations are discussed on the basis of physical boundary conditions. The problem is first written in terms of partial differential equations (PDEs), then reduces to ordinary differential equations (ODEs) by using a perturbation technique and solved for solutions of velocity and temperature. Four different shapes of nanoparticles inside ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) and water (H2O)‐based nanofluids are used in equal volume fraction. The solutions of velocity and temperature are plotted graphically, and the physical behavior of the problem is discussed for different flow parameters. It is evaluated from this problem that viscosity and thermal conductivity are the dominant parameters responsible for different consequences of motion and temperature of nanofluids. Due to greater viscosity and thermal conductivity, C2H6O2‐based nanofluid is regarded as better convectional base fluid assimilated to H2O.
Part of the book: Nanofluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems