Problems are faced when something is already been adopted for a considerable amount of time–here the problem that is discussed is related with nanofluids. The nanofluids have been considered for different engineering applications since last three decades; however, the work on its simulation has been started since last two decades. With the time, nanofluid simulations are increasing as compared to experimental testing. Researchers conducting nanofluid simulations do find difficulties and problems while trying to simulate this system. In addition to this, most of the time researchers are unaware of some basic problems and they find themselves stuck in relentless difficulties. Most of the time, these problems are very basic and can waste a lot of useful time of a research. Therefore, this chapter introduces some fundamental problems which a researcher can find while simulating nanofluids and with a simple way of dealing with it. Moreover, the chapter withholds lots of information regarding the way to design and to model a nanofluid system. Not only this, it also tends to elaborate the nanofluid simulation methodology in a precise manner. Moreover, the literature shows that nanofluid simulation has gained high consideration since last two decades, as experimental techniques are out of reach for everyone. In addition to experimental techniques, they are expensive, time-consuming and require high skills. However, it seems the simulation is picking pace with the due time and is considerably being adopted by the expertise dealing with nanofluids. This opens a high prospect of simulating nanofluids in future. Nevertheless, it seems there will be user-friendly software to conduct nanofluid simulations. Finally, issues and their resolution have also been conveyed which is the main aspect of this topic.
Part of the book: Nanofluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems
The usage of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has enhanced 10-fold since the last decade, especially in the area of aerospace science. In this chapter, we will focus on determining the feasibility and validity of CFD results that are plugged in flight dynamic model (FDM) to that of actual flight of an aircraft. Flight data of an actual aircraft is used to determine the aerodynamic performance of the designed FDM. In addition to this, FDM consist of various systems integration of an aircraft; however, this study will focus on aerodynamic parameter optimization. Relative analysis is carried out to validate the FDM. This will enable readers to know how CFD can be a great tool for designing FDM of an unknown aircraft.
Part of the book: Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations