In recent years, more and more attentions have been paid to two-dimensional (2D) materials due to the excellent electrical, optical, thermal and mechanical properties. To characterize the layer-dependent changes in properties and to provide pathways for their integration into a multitude of applications, it is essential to explore the reliable syntheses of single- and few-layer 2D materials. Therefore, many strategies, such as micromechanical exfoliation, ultrasonic exfoliation, hydrothermal method, topochemical transformation, chemical vapor deposition method and so on, have been developed to synthesize high-quality and ultrathin nanosheets showing their own merits and demerits in preparing 2D nanomaterials. Herein, an overview of the recent progress in the synthetic techniques is presented for 2D materials, in which we would introduce their experimental scheme, advantages and disadvantages, and applications of these synthetic strategies. Eventually, the potential trends and future directions for synthesizing technology for 2D materials are proposed.
Part of the book: Two-dimensional Materials