In this chapter, we explain NEMsCAM cell, a new content-addressable memory (CAM) cell, which is designed based on both CMOS technologies and nanoelectromechanical (NEM) switches. The memory part of NEMsCAM is designed with two complementary nonvolatile NEM switches and located on top of the CMOS-based comparison component. As a use case, we evaluate first-level instruction and data translation lookaside buffers (TLBs) with 16 nm CMOS technology at 2 GHz. The simulation results demonstrate that the NEMsCAM TLB reduces the energy consumption per search operation (by 27%), standby mode (by 53.9%), write operation (by 41.9%), and the area (by 40.5%) compared to a CMOS-only TLB with minimal performance overhead.
Part of the book: ICT - Energy Concepts for Energy Efficiency and Sustainability