Small-molecule organic semiconductors and quantum dots stabilized with organic surface ligand are drawing attention in future generation solution-processed devices because of their solubility in miscellaneous solvents. Solvent processing and device performance can be effectively modulated with a surface modification layer on the substrate or via ink formulation. Characterization of surface property, specifically the surface energy of the substrate and the liquid, is essentially informative. Investigation on film growth and assembling behavior as well as process optimization via surface energy modulation is successfully achieved.
Part of the book: Printed Electronics