Microgrid provides an effective means to promote renewable energy utilization via deploying multiple distributed generations (DGs) with energy storage systems (ESSs), loads, control devices and protect devices, which can operate in either islanded mode or grid-connected mode. In order to coordinate the output of different DGs and realize the potential of renewable energy, energy management and economic dispatch of microgrid is needed. Both distributed energy resources (DERs) and user loads in microgrid have uncertainty characteristics; so the randomness of the wind speed and solar radiation intensity are modeled by interval mathematics and the interval output of the wind turbine and photovoltaic (PV) generation system are obtained. Then, a microgrid economic optimization model based on interval optimization method is proposed. Next, combined with the time-of-use characteristic, issue of the power exchange with the external grid has been considered. Finally, Considering the effect of ESS, this chapter discusses the impacts of uncertainty of renewable energy power and load power on optimization results, as well as the effects of the degree of load uncertainty or load fluctuation on scheduling results. The results verify the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed method in dealing with uncertainty optimization problem of microgrid.
Part of the book: Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems