Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide pandemic, affecting 29 million Americans, resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality, and accounting for an annual healthcare expenditure exceeding $176 billion in the US alone. This burden of disease is the result of a progressive disease associated with numerous complications and the development of chronic wounds, which remain the leading cause of hospital admissions and nontraumatic lower extremity amputations in diabetic patients. Despite clinical strategies aimed at prevention and early detection, patients with diabetes continue to remain at risk of developing chronic diabetic wounds due to poor patient compliance and progression of the diabetic phenotype. Development of the diabetic phenotype and wound healing impairment is associated with dysregulation of microRNAs that regulate inflammation, extracellular matrix composition, and angiogenesis; here we present evidence from the studies that demonstrate correction of microRNA dysregulation expedites wound healing and reverses the diabetic skin phenotype.
Part of the book: Wound Healing