During the last years, significant progress in the understanding of signaling pathways of immune cells has revive the field of immune therapy for cancer. In this chapter, we explain the recent immunotherapy-based strategies for the treatment of gynecological cancers including cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, and vulvar cancer. This work will mainly focus on emerging clinical data on immune checkpoint inhibitors. But also data on adoptive T cell therapies and vaccines will be presented. It is anticipated that in future biomarker-guided randomized trials will provide better approaches in terms of response and resistance to immune therapy. The use of combination therapy for gynecological cancer might be one possible approach to overcome resistance.
Part of the book: Immunotherapy