Conducting polymers are an important class of organic materials with electric conductivity and have experienced a rapid development. Meanwhile, as a novel class of porous nanomaterials, aerogels attract people’s great interest for their ultra-low densities, large specific areas, rich open pores, etc. Thus, conducting polymer aerogels, combining the unique merits of aerogels with physicochemical properties relevant to conducting polymers, become a newly developed area. In this chapter, we give a brief introduction describing (1) synthesis strategies of conducting polymer (PEDOT, PPy, and PANi) aerogels through rational design for oxidant, cross-linker, soft template, sol-gel process, drying process; (2) advantages of these aerogels in physical and chemical performance, compared with the counterparts in bulk or membrane; and (3) their applications in energy storage, adsorption to metal-ions/dye-molecules, stress sensing, Joule heating. The chapter ends with a reflection on limitations of already proposed materials and a prospection of how conducting polymer aerogels developing in the future. As such, this chapter can act as a roadmap to guide researchers toward how conducting polymer aerogels produced and how these materials can be utilized, while also highlighting the current advancements in the field.
Part of the book: Conducting Polymers