The electronic, thermal, and optical properties of graphene-based materials depend strongly on the fabrication method used and can be further manipulated through the use of metal nanoparticles deposited on the graphene surface. Metals that strongly interact with graphene such as Co and Ni can form strong chemical bonds which may significantly alter the band structure of graphene near the Dirac point. Weakly interacting metals such as Au and Cu can be used to induce shifts in the graphene Fermi energy, resulting in doping without significant alteration to the graphene band structure. The deposition and nucleation conditions such as deposition rate, annealing temperature and time, and annealing atmosphere can be used to control the size and distribution of metal nanoparticles. Under ideal conditions, self-assembled arrays of nanoparticles can be obtained on graphene-based films for use in new types of nano-devices such as evanescent waveguides.
Part of the book: Crystalline and Non-crystalline Solids