It is generally accepted that bacteria in biofilm are more resistant to antibacterials than their planktonic counterparts. For numerous antibiotics, it has been shown that minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for bacteria grown in broth are much lower than the minimal biofilm inhibition concentrations. While sub‐inhibitory concentrations, that is, amounts of antibacterials below the MIC, do not either influence or suppress to some extent or other the bacterial growth in liquid media, these same amounts of drugs, natural substances, etc., may have diverse effects on bacterial biofilms, ranging from suppression to stimulation of the sessile growth and varying with regard to the bacterial species and strains. This is a source of additional risks for both biofilm infection of host tissues and contamination indwelling devices. When considering the data for biofilm modulation, differences in experimental protocols should be taken into account, as well as the strain‐specific mechanisms of biofilm formation.
Part of the book: Microbial Biofilms