This chapter presents a step-by-step review on different damage prediction approaches for woven and non-woven fabric composites. First, the characteristics of woven and non-woven fabrics are distinguished one from another, suggesting more complex analyses required for non-woven fabrics. Then, the subsequent sub-sections are geared toward a comparison of different approaches utilized in predicting the mechanical behavior and damage mechanisms of these composites at various material scales including micro, meso, and macro. The merits and demerits of each approach with regard to practicality, accuracy, effectiveness, and characterization expense are discussed. Moreover, using recent experimental evidences, the chapter aims to highlight a number of inherent complexities in the interlaced architecture of woven composites, which may not be precisely taken into account by the damage models originally developed for non-woven and unidirectional composites. Finally, two illustrative examples on the effect of the aforementioned complexities on the mechanical behavior of woven composites are presented in more detail, through some recent works of the authors.
Part of the book: Non-woven Fabrics