Tin oxides have applications such as sensors, solar cells, transistors, and varistors, which are being studied to replace ZnO varistors due to similar electrical properties, simpler microstructure, no formation of secondary phases, and lower concentration of agent modifiers to promote the varistor characteristics and densification. Varistors are ceramic with a high concentration of structural and electronics defects. The type and the amount of defects are related with agent modifiers and processing steps employed. The study in materials processing aims to improve the ceramics properties. Chemical synthesis ensures the homogeneous distribution of dopants used to promote electrical and structural properties. Microwave sintering appears as processing to optimize time and sintering temperature. Varistor application is linked to its breakdown voltage, which should be larger than the operating voltage. In an operating range of 1 kV to 1 MV, the varistors are used in electricity transmission networks. In a range of 24–1000 V, the application occurs in electronics and appliances and in a range smaller than 24 V, as protective of automotive electronics and computers. This chapter aims to provide information on new processing steps for the production of SnO2 varistors and to show the possibility to get electrical properties with non-ohmic characteristic for technological applications.
Part of the book: Advanced Ceramic Processing