About the book
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a very present topic worldwide. STIs are associated with unprotected sexual intercourse, the vicissitude of sexual partners, certain sexual behaviors as well as migration of population. The risk population includes both males and females who have heterosexual intercourse and men who have homosexual intercourse (MSM). The highest interest has been directed to HIV /AIDS resulting in remission of other STIs in population awareness.
The most frequently reported STI is Chlamydia trachomatis infection. It is important to point out that in reality, the number of occurances is probably higher because of its frequent asymptomatic outcome and different diagnostics used in various countries. The second most frequent STI is Neisseria gonorrhoea infection. The increasing rate is associated with decreased sensitivity to a large group of antibiotics or other antibacterial drugs resulting in serious sanitarian problem. In the past, HIV/AIDS has been a lethal infection with a high mortality. However, with the preventive programs and effective antiretroviral therapies HIV/AIDS has been reduced to a stable epidemic situation. However, it is estimated that more than 17 million of individuals are asymptomatic and HIV infection is not detected. Syphilis epidemic seems to be stable in developed countries even though there are unreported cases which were not under surveillance in most countries. Other frequent STIs include Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), Herpes Simplex Virus infection afflicting genital area, Trichomononas vaginalis infections, Candida infections. All STIs require the causative treatment in both sexual partners at the same time and application of anti-epidemic measures.