About the book
Pediatric neurology, also known as child neurology, refers to a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of neurological conditions in neonates (newborns), infants, children, and adolescents. The discipline of child neurology encompasses diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, muscles, and blood vessels that affect individuals in these age groups. If a child has problems that involve the nervous system, a pediatric neurologist has the specialist training and knowledge to assess, diagnose, and treat the child. The conditions dealt by pediatric neurologists vary considerably, from relatively simple disorders such as migraine or cerebral palsy, to more complex and rare conditions such as metabolic diseases or neurodegenerative disorders. Pediatric neurologists act as consultants to primary care physicians, who may refer children to neurologists for specialist care. For children with long-term neurological ailments, the pediatric neurologist provides regular care and consultation. Overall, about 40% to 50% of the patients treated in a typical pediatric neurology practice have epilepsy, while 20% have learning difficulties or developmental problems, and 20% are suffering from headaches. The remaining are treated for rare or unusual conditions, such as metabolic or genetic diseases.