About the book
The concept, theories and therapies for psychological injury following exposure to natural or man-made life-threatening events have evolved since the Second World War. Ever since then, the harmful effects of exposure to traumatic events occurring both in combat and in civilian environments have been recognized. Scientific literature is now rife with reports of the life-threatening exposures to events that occur even in domestic life, in refugees and in displaced persons' camps. Exposure to man-made traumas in the course of organized small-scale and large-scale community violence, or within the confines of the homes, affect an unknown number of individuals - mainly women and children. The apparent oath of secrecy that surrounds the experience of home-based traumatic events deters, efforts to determine the exact prevalence of exposure to life-threatening events in family environments. In order to curb the escalation of the occurrence of exposure to humans in civilian life outside family atmosphere, the international community has instituted measures to hold war lords and errand state leaders accountable for causing immeasurable suffering to others. Despite the current level of knowledge that has accrued over the last year or two, much remains largely unknown. The underlying genetic-social-biochemical basis of the mechanisms that lead to harmful psychological and mental disorders is beginning to be expounded. The question of holding those responsible for causing human suffering to others is being debated, though the debate environment is sharply polarized between retribution and restoration camps. In so doing the scientific world does not seem to fully understand the cultural contexts within which man-made psychological traumas occur within state borders.
Furthermore, some of those who get passively caught up in the implementation of heinous acts of terror under duress are made to suffer the double tragedy of personal exposure to trauma and being blamed and held accountable for their activities. Lastly, the scientific basis for providing psychological help or medication for the victims and perpetrators of exposure to various forms of trauma is far from being standardized.
The aim of this book, "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders - Current Advances", is to provide the current state of knowledge on the etiology, psychological consequences, uncommon mental disorders, and evidence based therapies, cultural perspectives, and forensic aspects of involvement in inflicting harm to other people.