Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Dragan Cvetković

Singidunum University

Dr.Cvetkovic has published 64 books, scripts, and practicums about computers and computer programs, aviation weapons, and flight mechanics. He has also published a large number of scientific papers, both nationally and internationally.


Aircraft Configuration Propulsion Ornithopters Flight Control Computer Sensors Actuators Endurance Reliability Defense (Combat UAV) Aerial Photography Agriculture and Forestry Security Vulnerabilities (UAV Cybersecurity)

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About the book

An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is, in general, an aircraft operated by a navigator, a pilot using remote signal transmission from the ground, or flying autonomously according to previously given stored data. In addition to the aforementioned name Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, UAV is also found in the literature under the names Uncrewed Aerial Vehicle or Drone. The most widespread use of UAV is in the army. Unlike a cruise missile, the UAV is designed for multiple uses and is defined by all the rules of the profession like other aircraft, but without crew and pilots. Depending on the purpose, the unmanned aerial vehicle can be equipped with specific equipment, it can be either armed or unarmed.

The aerodynamics and structure of the UAV are identical to those of airplanes and manned helicopters. They are more often projected as airplanes, and less often as unmanned helicopters. The technique and principles of takeoff and landing are often identical to a manned aircraft, and there are also solutions with catapulting and landing using a parachute. Unmanned aerial vehicles are usually operated in combination with guidance from the ground station by the remote transmission of command signals, while some individual segments of the trajectory or path are performed autonomously, with pre-memorized navigation data and given flight components.

Currently, military UAVs mostly perform reconnaissance, spy, and lately, more and more direct combat tasks. Great and powerful countries are developing new generations of UAVs, and they are planning a huge increase of drones in their fleets. Unmanned aerial vehicles are also used for civilian purposes such as fire detection, firefighting, surveillance of areas prone to or threatened by floods, traffic monitoring, movement of animal species, monitoring of pipeline routes with oil, gas, or some other fluids.

If one thinks about the future, it is quite certain that the sixth generation of fighter planes will be unmanned (it turned out that man is the main limiting factor when it comes to extreme maneuvers and speeds), and these aircraft will be able to fly, in the case of need, either without or with the crew. That time is not far away. One of the most perspective jobs of the future is going to be the navigation of drones in various sectors.

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About the editor

Dragan Cvetković

Singidunum University

Dragan Cvetković graduated in Aeronautics from the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, in 1988. He defended his doctoral dissertation in December 1997. He has published 64 books, scripts and practicums about computers and computer programs, aviation weapons and flight mechanics. He has also published a large number of scientific papers, both nationally and internationally. In 2014, he became a full professor in the field of Informatics and Computing at Singidunum University, Belgrade. Previously he had served as an assistant professor. He has been Vice Rector for Teaching at the same university since 2019.

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