About the book
In many engineering situations, residual stresses – together with active external loads – can cause the mechanical components to become unusable at an early stage of work. On the other hand, depending on their nature – if “tensile” or “compressive” – and their magnitude, residual stresses can also be beneficial, exemplifying compressive residual stresses acting on thin films, which increase their wear resistance. Thereby, observing the influence – harmful or beneficial – that the residual stresses have on the working behavior of mechanical components, the purpose of this book is to report the occurrence and implications of such stresses in the fields of tribology, thin films, metallurgical manufacturing processes, and mechanical manufacturing processes. In this context, aspects related to the tribological behavior of materials are included, in which residual stresses can impose significant influence, in addition to conditions related to the deposition of thin films, which also cause the occurrence of residual stresses; additionally, sections referring to welding, casting, heat treatments, thermochemical treatments, rolling, extrusion, forging, sheet metal stamping, milling and turning processes, among others, are included, due to the generation of residual stresses in the subsequently manufactured products.