Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Trace Elements and Its Effects on Human Health and Disease

Daisy Joseph

University of Mumbai

Dr. Daisy Joseph is proficient in Radioisotope induced Energy Dispersive X-ray fluorescence-(EDXRF), Proton induced X-ray Emission (PIXE), and synchrotron-based EXAFS and XANES. For the past two decades, she has had hands-on experience in EDXRF using radioisotopes such as 55Fe, 109Cd, 241Am and semiconductor detectors such as Si (Li), HPGe, and Peltier cooled Si(Li) detectors and its associated electronics, as well as in data acquisition systems such as PC based MCA.

Covering

Trace Element Levels Toxicity Micronutrients Food Intake Environment Viruses Human Organs Human Secretion Toxic Element Detection Limit Analytical Techniques Permissible Levels

Register your interest in contributing to this book

Collaborate with our community and contribute your knowledge.

About the book

Nature has slow occurring biogeochemical cycles of trace elements and heavy metals and the cycles have significantly controlled the environmental fates of these elements. The trace elements and heavy metals cannot be degraded like organic pollutants and they may transform and become stable and persistent contaminants that accumulate in soil and sediments. With industrialization, great amounts of trace elements and heavy metals have been excavated and released on the surface of the earth and dissipated into the environments. Heavy metals are potent free radicals and disrupters of human health. Heavy metals include antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gallium, gold, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, platinum, silver, tellurium, thallium, tin, uranium, vanadium, and zinc. Trace elements occur in natural environments ubiquitously in small amounts and when present in sufficient bioavailable concentrations, they are toxic to living organisms. They occur as ions compounds, complexes, and adsorbed/precipitated/co-precipitated on mineral surfaces. Human activities have drastically altered the biogeochemical cycles and equilibria of these trace metals in the ecosystems.

Trace elements enter the ecosystems via direct discharges from industrialization processes, sewage sludge, atmospheric deposits, and agricultural practices including the application of pesticides or fertilizers. They can be transferred from sediments to benthic organisms and then become a potential risk to human consumers through the food chain. We have a system of X-ray emission techniques, Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence, and Proton Induced X-ray Emission, in which we have detected trace elements (micronutrients as well as toxic elements) which can be useful as well as harmful to the human consumption.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: September 1st 2020

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline for chapter proposals: September 29th 2020

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Register for the book

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: November 28th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: February 16th 2021

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: April 17th 2021

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Daisy Joseph

University of Mumbai

Dr. Daisy Joseph is a Scientific Officer of India's premier nuclear research facility, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Trombay, Mumbai. Dr. Joseph completed her Ph.D. in 2007 and is proficient in Radioisotope induced Energy Dispersive X-ray fluorescence-(EDXRF), Proton induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) and synchrotron based EXAFS and XANES. She has set up the PIXE facility at FOTIA-Folded Tandem Ion Accelerator at Van de Graff, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai. Dr. Joseph has carried out measurements of K X-ray production cross–sections of various elements using Proton energy of 3-5 MeV from FOTIA, studied the effects of chemical environments on X-ray intensity ratios of 3D elements such as Cu, Mn, Cr and U compounds by photon, proton and heavy ion excitation and synchrotron probes. For the past two decades, she has had hands-on experience in EDXRF using radioisotopes such as 55Fe, 109Cd, 241Am and semiconductor detectors such as Si (Li), HPGe and Peltier cooled Si(Li) detectors and its associated electronics, as well as in data acquisition systems such as PC based MCA. Dr. Joseph uses these techniques to characterize a wide variety of materials such as superconductors, ferroalloys, monazites, rare earth materials and cruds (corrosion products) from thermal reactors. Dr. Daisy Joseph has around 103 publications in peer reviewed journals and proceedings and has authored a chapter in the book titled 'Advanced Trace Analysis.” She has spoken at 10 invited talks and has chaired a session at NTAC, Kochi in February 2017.

View profile

Book chapters authored 1

Books edited 1

Introducing your Author Service Manager

Ms. Dajana Pemac

As an Author Service Manager my responsibilities include monitoring and facilitating all publishing activities for authors and editors. From chapter submission and review, to approval and revision, copyediting and design, until final publication, I work closely with authors and editors to ensure a simple and easy publishing process. I maintain constant and effective communication with authors, editors and reviewers, which allows for a level of personal support that enables contributors to fully commit and concentrate on the chapters they are writing, editing, or reviewing. I assist authors in the preparation of their full chapter submissions and track important deadlines and ensure they are met. I help to coordinate internal processes such as linguistic review, and monitor the technical aspects of the process. As an ASM I am also involved in the acquisition of editors. Whether that be identifying an exceptional author and proposing an editorship collaboration, or contacting researchers who would like the opportunity to work with IntechOpen, I establish and help manage author and editor acquisition and contact.

Ask a question
creativecommons
alpsp
cope
stm
ithenticate
crossref
doi
oaspa

Book will be abstracted and indexed in

googlescholar
worldcat
base
az
openaire