About the book
Flame retardants have been applied for reducing fire risk and are responsible for sustaining a high standard of living. In this book, we will first discuss the way how a fire transpires and combustion mechanisms used to reduce fire risk. Then, we will provide an overview on the development of flame-retardant materials. We will especially focus on the development of flame-retardant polymers including fire-resistant polyurethanes foams, epoxy resins, organophosphorus polymers, to name a few. We also discuss how chemistry can help address the challenge of flame retardancy. For example, synthesis of synergistic multicomponent polymers is a promising way to enable flame-retardant polymers to contain heteroatoms such as nitrogen, silicon, sulfur, and boron in combination with phosphorus. This will provide a wide range of specific interactions, compared to the decomposition of phosphorus structures. Moreover, we will address the challenges that remain to improve current flame-retardant polymers. We aim to pave the way for developing more effective and nonintrusive next generation flame-retardant polymers. The success of developing of flame-retardant polymers also depends on the sustainability, durability, scalability, safety, and ability to impart desired functionality without conferring environmental problems.