About the book
Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida spp., mostly Candida albicans. Although, Candida, a yeast, normally exists in human body; on the skin and in the mouth, throat, gut and vagina, it does not normally cause infection. However, sometimes, yeast proliferation occurs, and Candida spp. cause several infections, such as oral infection affecting the mouth and throat, called oropharyngeal candidiasis (thrush), as well as vulvovaginal, oesophageal, intestinal and invasive candidiasis. Oesophageal candidiasis is a common infection in HIV/AIDS patients. Besides this, the pathogenesis of candidiasis in humans is not completely understood. Infection caused by Candida spp. presents a serious problem because of its drug resistance. Investigation of new and effective active substances against pathogenic Candida spp. and a better understanding of the role of molecular mechanisms involved in the formation of antifungal resistance will help prevent Candida infection among individuals with immunological deficiency and will make the antifungal therapy much more effective and improved. This book is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the latest information on Candida spp. and Candidiasis.