About the book
Trauma is one of the leading causes of death on a global scale as well as of significant morbidity. There are different types of traumas based on the mechanism (blunt, penetrating, burns, motor vehicle, etc), the setting (mass casualties, war, home or workplace etc), something which has necessitated the institution of an organized systemic approach in order to deal with the different types of trauma in a comprehensive manner. This has also led to the creation of a surgical specialty, trauma surgery, with training after residency. However, continuous technological progress has changed the management of trauma in a way that we see increasing use of a conservative approach and fewer surgical therapies. Although this is good for the patients, it has affected the trauma surgery profession, leading to its evolution into Emergency Surgery. The basic concept is that the Trauma/Emergency Surgery team should be able to deal with all surgical emergencies, whether they are trauma-related or the result of acute abdominal or other general surgical emergencies. This has led to the creation of a new type of surgical subspecialty with fellowship level training. A basic part of this type of surgery is "Damage Control Surgery" which is essentially a surgical approach which takes into consideration the urgent nature of the injury and its effect on the patient's physiology and encourages a strategy whereby the surgeon recognizes and deals with the most immediate threats to the life of the patient. This book should include aspects of Trauma and Emergency surgery with a special focus of the reasoning, physiology, and the types of damage control surgery.