Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Sedimentary Basins

Gemma Aiello

Institute of Marine Sciences - National Research Council ISMAR-CNR

Covering

Continental Drift Palaeomagnetism Sedimentology Palaeooceanography Passive Margins (Atlantic Type) Active Margins (Pacific-Type) Plate Stratigraphy Ophiolites Geosynclinal Theory Flysch Deposits Spreading Related Settings Subduction-Related Settings

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About the book

During the last decades, the geology has undergone a great scientific revolution. Several disciplines have contributed to this revolution, including geophysics, oceanography, petrology, sedimentology and micropaleontology. Classical geological concepts have been examined producing a new theory, namely the plate tectonics, giving a scientific rationale on the complex dynamics of the earth's crust.

This book is intended to discuss several aspects, starting from the plate tectonics to the sedimentary basins. Main aspects of the plate tectonics include the continental drift, the palaeo-magnetism and the morphologic setting of the oceans. The continental drift is linked to the name of the German geophysicist Alfred Wegener, who suspected that the continents should move laterally, observing the correspondence between the shorelines of both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.

He hypothesized that a great continent, namely the Pangea, broke up and was divided into great blocks, which after started to drift on the earth's surface. The isostatic adjustments of the earth's crust necessarily require vertical movements of the continental blocks in order to compensate the variations of loading on the earth's crust.The oceanic expansion has been supported by the polarity reversals, recognized for the first time in the lava flows by having directions of the palaeomagnetic field divergent of 180°. This allowed a chronological scale generation of the geomagnetic reversals, based on a uniform rate of expansion in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The topography of the oceans is characterized by three main physiographic provinces, including the oceanic ridge surrounding the oceanic basins, adjacent to the continental margins. The earth's crust is the part of the earth overlying the Moho discontinuity and may be divided in oceanic crust, transitional crust, and continental crust. This book intends to provide new insights concerning the geological implications of plate tectonics, including the sequence stratigraphy of passive continental margins, the sedimentological and palaeoceanographic aspects and the marine geology of the continental margins. New contributions on the continental margins (passive, active and transcurrent) are also acknowledged. Another main topic of this book is represented by the ophiolites, a sequence characterized by the vertical association of pillow lavas, radiolarites, and peridotites. The ophiolitic sequence is often overlain by sedimentary rocks (radiolarites, pelagic limestones) and may be associated with chromite bodies and rocky bodies, both intrusive and effusive. They represent allochtonous fragments of old oceanic crust. Also, contributions in terms of sedimentation and tectonics and their general concepts are also welcome. Finally, a basic topic of this book is represented by the sedimentary basins in different geodynamic settings, including the spreading related settings, the subduction related settings and the continental collision related settings.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: October 9th 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: May 11th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: July 30th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: September 28th 2020

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Gemma Aiello

Institute of Marine Sciences - National Research Council ISMAR-CNR

Dr. Gemma Aiello was born in Aversa (CE), Italy on 24 October 1964. In 1989, she graduated in Geological Sciences at the University of Naples 'Federico II”, Department of Earth Sciences. In 1993, she earned a Ph.D. degree in Sedimentary Geology at the University of Naples 'Federico II”, Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Geological Sciences. She completed a 2-year post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Naples 'Federico II”, a CNR-CEE fellowship and several research contracts at the Italian CNR, where she is a researcher from 1998. Dr. Aiello has a consolidated experience in the field of sedimentary geology, marine geology and geophysics and has participated in many research projects at the National Research Council of Italy (CARG, Vector, Centri Regionali di Competenza, Tessa, I_Amica).

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Book chapters authored 5

Books edited 3

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