About the book
Drought is generally defined as a prolonged period of dry weather caused by a lack of precipitation that results in severe water shortages for some activities, populations, or ecological systems. The deterioration of the balance between precipitation and evaporation and the long duration of this situation can also be considered as drought. Drought types, which are divided into main types such as meteorological, agricultural, hydrological, and socioeconomic, adversely affect many environmental components such as soil processes, vegetation growth, wildlife, water quality, and aquatic ecosystems. While drought has unfavorable impacts on both surface and groundwater resources, hydrological regimes can also be affected by it, changing the chemistry of surface waters and the runoff pathway, which can negatively influence water quality. While drought appears as one of the main consequences of changes in ecosystem and climate, the consumption of water used for domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes has increased by 15% in the last two decades, and today one out of every three people is faced with the drought and water shortage risk, thus water scarcity and water stress.
In this book, studies on the drought that can occur in various forms and severity in almost every region of the world and its causes will be included, and many factors from climate change to temperature increase, from evaporation to transpiration, from precipitation to soil moisture will be examined. The social and economic effects of drought will be revealed. Research on drought forecasting, models, geographic information, and remote sensing systems and indices will also be included. Most importantly, a series of measures for fighting against drought will form the content of the book, which is open for submissions on recommendations from household-specific recycling/reuse practices to approaches in basins and wetlands, to reduce water footprints. Thus, the complex drought phenomenon, which has a significant impact on water resources, agriculture, energy production, human health, and forest fires, will be analyzed in detail.