Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Hydrocultural and Hydroponics Systems

Alejandro Isabel Luna Maldonado

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León


Humberto Rodriguez-Fuentes

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

Juan Antonio Vidales Contreras

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

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Julia Mariana Márquez Reyes

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León


Hydrocultural systems Indoor plant Heavy metal toxicity Rhizosphere Disease Soilless Substrates Aeration Biofilters Urban agriculture Vertical farm Smart agriculture

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About the book

Hydroculture is classified as a system to grow indoor decorative plant, it is passive system meaning no moving part, catered to make life easier for humans and plant. Hydroculture is a form of passive hydroponics and a way of growing plants without soil. Passive hydroponics systems often use an inert growing medium such as clay pebbles instead of soil. A hydroculture system is often made up of five simple parts – clay pebbles (or a similar inert growing medium), culture pots, water level indicator, pot liners, and fertiliser.

Hydroponics is growing plants in water actively, the water is always moving and never left or it will stagnate. It is focused on plant growth and is used for vegetables or any culture requiring production. There are many systems and way, they all stem from the same concept, how to suspend the plant, oxygenate the water and get the water to the roots. Hydroponic systems integrate the cultivation of plants without the use of soil, but with the use of an inert medium, such as gravel, sand, peat, vermiculite, pumice, perlite, coconut coir, sawdust, rice husks or other substrates, to which is added a nutritive solution that contains all the essential elements that a plant needs to achieve its normal growth and development. These days, there are hydroponic systems for the cultivation of vegetables in space stations to operate in places of very low gravity.

Hydrocultural and hydroponic systems are also being created in the roofing of buildings and some of them use photovoltaic panels to energize the pumping system, which in turn would pump the city's wastewater to irrigate the plants, which would benefit from sunlight.

The production of vegetables with hydrocultural and hydroponic systems has been increasing in the world and further research is needed to develop new hydrocultural and hydroponic systems to reduce the cost of energy and materials required for crop production, which is the scope of this book. 

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: September 18th 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: December 8th 2019

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: February 26th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: April 26th 2020

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Alejandro Isabel Luna Maldonado

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

The value entered by the Corresponding Editor on the Book Preparation FormDr. Luna Maldonado received a Ph.D. in Agricultural Science from Kyushu University in 2009. He began his career as a lecturer of agricultural engineering at the Autonoumus University of Nuevo Leon in 1992 and held research positions about Farm Machinery Design and Agrimation in the same university. Prof. Luna Maldonado became an assistant professor in 1996 and professor in 2018. He is a member of Mexican Council for Science and Technology since 2010 and Japanese Society for Agricultural Machinery since 2007.

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