About the book
In this book, the authors should describe the development and the latest findings from the indication, composition and practical implementation of enteral and parenteral nutrition. The main aspects of nutritional support should be discussed in detail in the six chapters of the book.
Malnutrition and its risk are the main indications of nutritional support, which is administered according to the severity of the nutritional risk, patient´s status, tolerance and necessity of speed needed to resolve the condition either by the enteral and/or parenteral route. Individualization of diet regimen by dietitians and selective diet with the administration of oral nutritional supplements is the simplest way of nutritional support.
Enteral nutrition is the method of choice if the digestive tract is functional. The authors should focus on methods of temporary application of enteral nutrition (nasogastric, nasojejunal tubes, methods of their introduction, fixation, and prevention of complications), as well as in the case of long-term indication of enteral nutrition, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or other forms of nutritional stoma (laparoscopic gastrostomy, jejunostomy, feeding button, etc.) according to anatomical conditions or patient preferences.
Parenteral nutrition is undergoing transformation both in its indications and in its composition, but especially in the safety of introduction of venous catheters and prevention of infections of venous lines - according to new criteria. The authors should focus on the introduction of venous catheters under ultrasound control, PICC, suture-free fixation of venous catheters, its treatment, and venous catheter care standards.
The key chapter is the indication and practical implementation of nutritional support in special situations - in critically ill, gerontology patients, in gastroenterological indication and in perioperative care.
In the planned last chapter, home enteral and parenteral nutrition, their rules, the safety of administration, organization of centers HPN (and/or HEN) and home care, methods of solving complications should be analyzed in detail.