Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Plant Reproductive Systems

Balkrishna Ghimire

Korea National Arboretum


Bimal Kumar Ghimire

Konkuk University


Male Cone Development Female Cone Development Stamen Anther Morphology Pollen Morphology Pollination Carpel Ovule Polyembryony Seed Morphology Breeding Evolution of Floral Parts

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About the book

Reproduction is a biological phenomenon that occurs in all living beings. More importantly, it is the only process to transfer the genes from one generation to another by producing new individuals of their own kind. In plants, there are two modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction characterizes the production of new individuals without fusing male and female gamete and it is most popular in lower plants although it also happens in higher plants in the form of vegetative reproduction. On the other hand, sexual reproduction occurs by the fusion of haploid male and female sex cells resulting in a diploid zygote. Moreover, sexual reproduction is a more complex process in plants in which multi-cellular haploid and diploid phases alternate each other. Flowers are the main reproductive organ in vascular plants which carries the male and female parts stamen and pistil respectively. It has been realized that flowering plants exhibit magnificent floral variety and a bewildering range of reproductive adaptation. The floral development, diversification, pollination mechanism, fertilization events, and breeding systems are the fundamental subjects in the plant reproductive system. Consequently, broad-scale understanding of these fundamental processes will require us to learn more about phylogenetic trends and the evolution of plant reproductive system. This book intends to cover above mentioned topics and deepen understanding of the plant reproductive system.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: August 14th 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: November 3rd 2019

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: January 22nd 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: March 22nd 2020

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About the editor

Balkrishna Ghimire

Korea National Arboretum

Balkrishna Ghimire has obtained Bachelors (2001) and the Master degree in Botany (2004) from Tribhuvan University, Nepal. He has worked as botany lecturer (2005-2007) at Trichandra College, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. He has obtained Ph.D. degree in plant morphology and anatomy in relation to taxonomy (2012) from Kangwon National University, Korea. He has worked as a postdoctoral researcher (2012-2013) at Oriental Bio-herb Research Institute, Kangwon National University. Currently (2014 - till now), he is working as a senior research fellow at seed bank and seed testing laboratory, Korean National Arboretum, Korea. His research projects cover the morphology and anatomy of the seed of Korean plants. In addition, he is working on embryological development and seed formation in some Korean rare endemic plants.

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