About the book
Reproduction is a biological phenomenon that occurs in all living beings. More importantly, it is the only process to transfer the genes from one generation to another by producing new individuals of their own kind. In plants, there are two modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction characterizes the production of new individuals without fusing male and female gamete and it is most popular in lower plants although it also happens in higher plants in the form of vegetative reproduction. On the other hand, sexual reproduction occurs by the fusion of haploid male and female sex cells resulting in a diploid zygote. Moreover, sexual reproduction is a more complex process in plants in which multi-cellular haploid and diploid phases alternate each other. Flowers are the main reproductive organ in vascular plants which carries the male and female parts stamen and pistil respectively. It has been realized that flowering plants exhibit magnificent floral variety and a bewildering range of reproductive adaptation. The floral development, diversification, pollination mechanism, fertilization events, and breeding systems are the fundamental subjects in the plant reproductive system. Consequently, broad-scale understanding of these fundamental processes will require us to learn more about phylogenetic trends and the evolution of plant reproductive system. This book intends to cover above mentioned topics and deepen understanding of the plant reproductive system.