About the book
The reduction in green house gases emissions is a major governmental goal worldwide. The target is, hopefully, to achieve “net-zero” greenhouse gas by 2050 and switch to clean power to fuel much of the transportation, buildings and industry. Therefore, intensive research and collaborative projects dealing with the installation of many wind turbines, both onshore and offshore, have taken place to decarbonize electricity grid systems through the exploitation of wind power. In this context, modern and larger horizontal-axis wind turbines with power capacity reaching 15 MW and rotors of more than 230-meter diameter are under continuous development for the merit of minimizing the unit cost of energy production. Such valuable advances in this competitive source of clean energy have made vast research contributions in developing wind industry technologies worldwide.
In addition to the confrontation with the social acceptance, transport and erection, and sustainability of political and economic support for wind energy exploitation, the main challenges for a continued up-sizing of wind turbines in the future are the accurate wind measurements, materials and structures of the rotating blades which are expected to be fully made of carbon fibers, development of drive train technologies using permanent magnet generators, as well as multi-stage gearboxes, which could improve reliability. Towers will continue to be made of steel and/or concrete in the form a modular construction.
This book aims to present advances and challenges of the design, manufacture and operation of wind turbines, and to provide a rich platform of research to the field of wind turbines. Suggested topics encompass wind measurement and forecasting, rotor blades, drive train technology, construction of tower and foundation, system integration and diagnostics, as well as offshore wind industry. The authors are encouraged to combine design, manufacturing processes and operation and maintenance procedures with a description of the implemented approaches and techniques, dealing with the individual subject as they find appropriate.