About the book
B-group vitamins, that include thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folate (B9 and cobalamin (B12), are water-soluble vitamins that are involved in numerous metabolic reactions. Their deficiency is widespread throughout the world principally due to the increase in malnutrition and can cause a large series of health problems such as birth defects, cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, neurological disorders, and cancer. Fortification programs with both the natural form of vitamins and their chemical derivatives have provided both benefits and undesirable side effects.
The aim of this book will be to provide an update on research regarding intakes in healthy and diseased populations, the effect of different chemical forms on bioavailability and absorption, microbial biosynthesis as a biotechnological alternative to increase concentrations in foods and in the gastrointestinal tract of hosts, and the use of the vitamin for novel applications beyond its conventional nutritive value. It is necessary to understand current basic and applied research that can help scientists, nutritionists, clinical physicians, and health authorities to provide novel treatment options and to influence public legislations and opinions regarding the use of vitamins and their derivatives in order to prevent a variety of food-based disorders.