About the book
Cyanobacteria are an interesting group of bacteria for their unique characteristics and potential biotechnological applications. They are photosynthetic autotrophs and are among the earliest forms of life to colonize the earth. Cyanobacteria are very important for life on earth because they are oxygenic organisms that also play crucial roles in the cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. Interestingly, they have unique specialized cells called heterocysts for nitrogen fixation, have circadian rhythms and can survive in different hostile habitats. Therefore, they are ideal model organisms for studying photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation and other biological processes. In addition, cyanobacteria are well recognized for their potential for a variety of biotechnological applications. They were reported to produce a wide array of novel antimicrobial and anticancer compounds that are attracting interest from the pharmaceutical industry for drug development. Also, they have various applications in agriculture as potential biofertilizers or in the industry for biofuel production in addition to many other biotechnological applications. Though cyanobacteria are very important microorganisms, their classification and phylogenetic relationships among other bacterial lineages were puzzled. Given the recent advances in molecular data, bioinformatics and available completed genomes sequences, the evolution and taxonomy of these bacteria can be revealed. Another aspect of interest is the role cyanobacteria play in the ecosystem functionality and interactions with other organisms. In this regard, it is interesting to understand how the cyanobacteria adapt to such a wide range of environments and environmental stresses as well as the resistance mechanisms.
This book will be essential for anyone with an interest in cyanobacteria and its topics will cover different aspects including their taxonomy, ecology and applications. It is meant as a useful resource for students, researchers and professionals studying or working with cyanobacteria.