About the book
Most parts of computers, audiovisual and household devices are made of crystalline materials. The long-range order defining a crystal offers not only specific properties (e.g. photosensitivity, magnetism, gas sensing) but also reproducibility when prepared under known, controlled conditions.
In order to control the properties of a crystal and/or to obtain it with some desired behavior, one must properly and deeply know its structure and morphology and then must relate these features with the targeted properties.
Many techniques were tested so far for the preparation of bulk and/or thin film crystals, from the classical physical vapor deposition to the pulse laser deposition, from sputtering to spraying, from electrodeposition to dip or spin coating, etc.
The structural analysis methods are either X-ray diffraction or Electron Microscopy techniques, while morphology is mainly studied through Profilometry, Atomic Force Microscopy and Electron Microscopy. Each of them must be mastered when data interpretation is concerned, such as correct and valuable information that can be extracted from the rough experimental data.
This book intends to present the state-of-the-art concerning the properties of crystals, their preparation and analysis techniques and also the structure, the morphology, the optical and electrical and magnetical properties of different crystalline materials.