### About the book

Mathematical probability is an attractive, thriving, and respectable part of mathematics. Some mathematicians and philosophers of science say the gateway to mathematics deepest mysteries. Moreover, mathematical statistics denotes an accumulation of mathematical discussions connected with the efforts to most efficiently collect and use numerical data subject to random variation. In the twentieth century and present time, the concept of probability and mathematical statistics has become one of the fundamental notions of modern science and philosophy of nature. This was accomplished after a long history of efforts done by prominent and distinguished mathematicians and philosophers.

As a matter of fact, each time we read or meditate these outstanding giants we feel the respect, the admiration, and the esteem to these magnificent men and giants of science who most of them were mathematicians, physicists, astronomers, statisticians, philosophers, etc... at the same time. They were, as we call them today: Universalists.

Additionally, each time we work on this field we find the pleasure to tackle the knowledge, the theorems, the proofs, and the applications of the theory of probability. In fact, each problem on probability is like a riddle to be solved, a conquest to be won, and we become relieved and extremely happy when we reach the end of the solution. This verily proves two important facts: firstly, the power of mathematics and its models to deal with such kind of problems and secondly the power of the human mind that is able to understand such class of problems and to tame such a wild concept that is randomness, probability, stochasticity, uncertainty, chaos, and chance.

The fields to which this book belongs to are that of Probability and Statistics theory with its applications and of Mathematics in general, hence the present work should – and it certainly does - include applications to both fields that encompass a wide set of problems taken from engineering, fundamental mathematics, computer science, physics, and science in general.

The aim of this book titled "Forecasting in Mathematics - Recent Advances, New Perspectives and Applications" is to apply mathematics to scientific forecasting whether in the fundamental theory of mathematics, or in computer science, or in science and hence to use mathematics to predict the consequences and the outcome of a scientific random or deterministic experiment or phenomenon.