About the book
The UN Climate Change Conference, UK 2021, came up with the Zero-Emission Vehicles Transition Council: 2022 Action Plan, with this highlighted statement: "We have agreed that our shared aim is to make zero-emission vehicles the new normal by making them accessible, affordable, and sustainable in all regions by 2030". At face value, this statement spells doom for the internal combustion engine. Though we desire to have zero-emission vehicles as soon as possible, however, practical realities will not make this possible as quickly as we want! MOTORTREND succinctly captured this essence in its feature article, HOW GASOLINE ENGINES CAN SURVIVE IN AN ELECTRIC CAR FUTURE "Advancing technology can keep conventional engines humming for decades. Combustion engines won't completely disappear any time soon, if ever. Certain transportation tasks or operating environments simply don't lend themselves to the battery- or hydrogen-powered electric propulsion. A century and a half of research and development have greatly increased the efficiency of combustion engines, and engineers have loads of additional tricks up their sleeves that promise to extract even more work from a molecule of fuel while producing even fewer harmful emissions". Therefore, the internal combustion engine will continue to be around for decades to come. Thus, the purpose of this book will be to bring together all current research and development work on the internal combustion engine targeted at further reducing its harmful emissions, to have an environmentally sustainable world even with its use.