About the book
Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the technology of creating an integrated circuit (IC) that allows hundreds of thousands of microelectronic components and devices into a single chip for wide spread applications including microprocessors in a computer, chips in a graphic card, motherboard, digital camera or camcorder, chips in a cell phone or a portable computing device, all portable communication devices etc. VLSI covers many phases of design and fabrication of integrated circuits starting from system definition, design and optimization, pre- and post-synthesis simulation and verification, synthesis, and multi-step semiconductor device fabrication including wafer processing, die preparation, IC packaging, and testing. The implementation is also come up with issues like parasitic effect, threshold and subthreshold operation of devices, high-speed operation, low voltage source, etc. which is needed to be solved for optimum device performance. This project aims to include the issues related to fully integrated circuits, systems and applications starting from KHz to THz band.