About the book
The organization of a movement is regulated by the nervous system, which is subdivided into the central nervous system (CNS), composed of the brain (brain, cerebellum and brain stem) and the spinal cord, and a peripheral nervous system (PNS), and of nerves that extend throughout the body. During voluntary movement, the cortical areas interact with the lower areas of the brain and spinal cord through the cortico-spinal motor pathway. When the disease occurs, this undesirable condition leads the individuals to develop impairments in movements, balance, tonus, spasticity for instance, and the Neurological Physical Therapy (NPT) can be applied. NPT focuses on the evaluation, treatment interventions and management of individuals with movement disorders due to diseases or impairments of structures related to the nervous system, such as brain, spinal cord or nerves. Moreover, NPT will be useful and will bring benefits for people who suffered a concussion, brain injury, stroke, or spinal cord injury, as well as with multiple sclerosis, vestibular injury or disease, and sequels related to viruses, as Lyme Disease and Guillain-Barre Disease. Individuals with congenital diseases and diseases that affect neurodevelopment can benefit from NPT.
In addition, NPT could be also suitable for individuals, mainly elderly, with history of falls and dizziness, or alteration of the balance that could be also stemming from sensory loss from peripheral neuropathy and foot drop (due to diabetes, chemotherapy or other condition). Indeed, NPT can contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of various clinical situations, restoring the mobility necessary to the execution of daily activities improving strongly the quality of life of the individual.
It is expected in this book that various clinical professionals and researchers in NPT can present their studies as chapters. This material will contribute to spread and to share the knowledge in NPT improving the clinical actions in various individuals with neurological conditions.