About the book
Mushrooms are widespread microorganisms. They are the spore-bearing, fruiting body of a fungus, produced above ground. Since ancient times, mushrooms have been used as food. Some fungi can produce numerous bioactive molecules such as alkaloids, cytotoxic and antibacterial compounds, toxins, etc. In some cases, consuming poisonous mushrooms can cause hallucinations and even death, so it is of great significance to understand toxic components and toxic types of poisonous mushrooms for prevention, identification, and treatment of mushroom poisoning. Some fungal bioactive molecules have been used in medicine, for example, the first antibiotic penicillin that was derived from Penicillium. Fungi have an arsenal of bioactive molecules which help them survive and spread over new territories; some of these bioactive metabolites might be used for different applications. Also, fungi make a great contribution to natural ecosystems structure, and understanding of the mechanisms that regulate coexistence and maintenance of different plant species helps to further understand interactions between plants and fungi.