Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Sintering of Metallic and Non-metallic Compounds and Applications

Arunachalam Lakshmanan

Saveetha Engineering College

For the past 5 decades, Dr. Lakshmanan has devoted his entire time to the studies of material development related to luminescence and other natural materials and on studies related to understanding the basic processes involved and their applications. For a period of 2 years, he worked as an AvH fellow at the University of Wuppertal, Germany. He was a visiting Professor in several universities in Japan, France, and South Korea.


Role of Flux Materials Melting and Softening Solid State Sintering at High Temperatures Die Casting Iron Chromium Glass Melting Ceramics and Composites Nano Composites E-waste Recycling Thermo Plastics and Thermosetting Plastics Cross-Linking

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About the book

Sintering is the process of compacting a solid mass of material or composites with the application of temperature and pressure without really melting them. Since the melting temperature of most materials especially ceramics is high, very often low temperature melting flux materials are mixed in small quantities to promote the compacting process without really having to go to high melting temperatures resulting in high-quality products at a lower cost. Sintering occurs in nature in mineral deposits. For example, Granite is a naturally occurring rock that is formed deep beneath the Earth's crust over millions of years when Magma or Lava cools and solidifies under heavy pressures. The slow cooling process from intense heat makes granite a strong and dense material. Artificial sand is produced by crushing such hard stones into small sand-sized angular shaped particles, washed and finely graded to be used as construction aggregate. It is an alternative to River Sand for construction purposes. A reverse of this process namely increasing the size of fine desert sand or sea sand involves high-temperature sintering with the assistance of low melting additives which include iron compounds. Impurity-doped semiconductors are used widely in the electronics industry or wide-bandgap inorganic compounds used widely in the lighting industry all involving suitable impurity doping and sintering at a suitable temperature to dope and properly stabilize such impurities. To impart sufficient strength in plastics either through Vanderwall forces or through cross-linking requires a suitable sintering/extrusion process. Pure iron occurring in nature is quite ductile. However, in steel which is man-made, small amounts of carbon and other elements doped at high temperatures act as hardening agents that prevent the movement of dislocations. Plastic wastes, E-wastes, other Scraps, and garbage wastes call for efficient recycling with suitable heating techniques. The book will highlight the intricacies, challenges, new sintering techniques, and applications which require innovations.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: September 8th 2021

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline for chapter proposals: October 6th 2021

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

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Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: December 5th 2021

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: February 23rd 2022

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: April 24th 2022

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Arunachalam Lakshmanan

Saveetha Engineering College

Dr. Arunachalam Lakshmanan obtained his Bachelor and Master Degree in Physics with Distinction at the Annamalai University. He joined Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in 1971 and served as a scientific officer until 1990. He obtained his PhD degree on Thermoluminescence at the Bombay University in 1981. In 1982 and 1983 he worked as a Scientific Associate at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. For a period of 2 years, Dr. Lakshmanan worked as a AvH fellow at the University of Wuppertal, Germany. He was a visiting Professor in several universities in Japan, France and South Korea. He was an Editorial Board Member in Radiation Protection Dosimetry Journal, UK. From 1990 to 2007, Dr. Lakshmanan was head of the Radiation Dosimetry Section at the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research. In 2008, Dr. Lakshmanan published a book titled 'Luminescence of Display Phosphors- Phenomena and Applications”. Presently he is working as a Research Dean and Physics Professor at the Saveetha Engineering College, Chennai, India. His research areas include Synthesis of Luminescence Phosphors and Exploiting Zero Point Energy for power production. Additionally he has developed sintering techniques to process sea sand for civil construction.

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