About the book
Malaria is still the main vector-borne parasitic disease in the World. Fortunately, the reduction of this disease has been reached in multiple countries during the last decades, with elimination in many countries. The number of countries certified malaria-free in the last four years is six, with the Maldives achieving elimination in 2015, Sri Lanka in 2016, and Uzbekistan and Paraguay in 2018, and in 2019, Algeria and Argentina. Then, during the last decade, a significant reduction in the Americas, Africa, and Asia has been achieved. Nevertheless, many challenges still are ahead in order to reach a higher control and to continue in the elimination, towards a world free of malaria in the next decades. The South-East Asia Region continued to see its incidence rate fall – from 17 cases of the disease per 1000 population at risk in 2010 to 7 in 2017 (a 59% decrease). All other regions recorded either little progress or an increase in the incidence rates. The Americas recorded a rise, largely due to increases in malaria transmission in Brazil, Nicaragua and especially Venezuela. In the African region, the malaria incidence rate remained at 219 cases per 1000 population at risk for the second year in a row. Authors are encouraged to submit chapters dealing with epidemiological aspects, control, surveillance and particularly with malaria elimination in any country or region of the world.