Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

The Success Story of Nylon - An Effective Chemistry Behind 85 Years of Achievements

Eugenio Amendola

Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials


Linear Polymer Synthetic Fiber Step Growth Polymerization Solid-State Condensation Hydrogen Bonding Nylon Innovative Applications Polyamide Recycling Chemical Decomposition Thermoplastic Reworkability Biopolymers Renewable Resources Ring Opening Polymerization

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About the book

Almost 85 years after its discovery in 1935, and its entry into the public market in 1940, Nylon is indisputably one of the most pervasive synthetic polymers in everyday applications.
The discovery of Nylon by Wallace Hume Carothers, a Harvard-educated world-renowned organic chemist born in Burlington, IA in 1896, successfully crowned the attempts developed by E.I du Pont de Nemours & Company to investigate the structure of high molecular weight polymers and to synthesize the first synthetic polymeric fibre.
When it hit the market, it was in the form of stockings and all the women in the US wanted to get their hands on a pair. Despite the successful launch of Nylon on the synthetic fibre market and the high expectations created by its extraordinary features, the unexpected war events in 1941 diverted the production of the new synthetic fibre almost exclusively on military applications. Parachutes, ropes, bootlaces, fuel tanks, mosquito nets and hammocks absorbed the production of Nylon, which helped to determine the WWII events. When the war ended and production returned to pre-war levels, consumers rushed to the department stores in search of stockings, accessories and high-fashion garments.
Even if the world of high fashion now seems to more appreciate the use of natural fibres, Nylon is one of the most widely used polymers for the production of technical fibres and fabrics, automotive and micromechanical components. The global nylon 6 & 66 market is expected to reach USD 41.13 billion by 2025, by the following growth at 6.1% CAGR owing to the Increasing focus on fuel-efficient and less polluting vehicles.

The amazing success story of Nylon still continues. While its wide availability inspired the development of innovative applications, such as the additive manufacturing, on the other hand, proper disposal after use of high amounts of Nylon resin energised the development of efficient recycling methodology, including chemical recycling. Moreover, the production of Nylon precursors from biomass has become desirable due to the depletion of fossil hydrocarbons and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This unique combination of technical and socio-economic driving forces is one that aims to further promote the development of Nylon as one of the most suitable ""best polymers"" with a low ecological footprint.

The aim of this publication is to unveil the relationships between the chemical structure and the outstanding properties of the broad family of polyamides and to describe the most recent use of Nylon in fostering new applications and promoting a culture aware of environmental sustainability.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: May 11th 2020

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: July 31st 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: October 19th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: December 18th 2020

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About the editor

Eugenio Amendola

Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials

Eugenio Amendola, an industrial chemist, graduated from the University of Naples “Federico II” in 1986. He is a senior researcher at the Institute of Polymer, Composites and Biomaterials of the National Research Council. He was appointed Director of the same Institute from 2012 to 2014, and President of the Campania section of Italian Chemical Society from 2013 to 2015. He was appointed Professor in Polymer Technology, Chemistry and Applied Chemistry at the University of Naples “Federico II” and the University of Salerno from 1988 to 2012. He was an associate researcher at the University of Connecticut and Gotemburg Polytechnic. His scientific activity was focused on the design and synthesis of Liquid Crystalline polymers and thermosets for structural and functional applications, development of smart nanocomposites based on hybrid structure, advanced polymeric materials for cultural heritage restoration and preservation. Recently he is developing self-healing thermosets and composites based on thermo-reversible chemical reactions for prolonged service use and for unprecedented recyclability and reworkability of composite materials based on thermosetting resins.

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