About the book
Tunnel construction is an expensive endeavor when compared with other engineering structures. The cost of the support system can rise up to thirty to forty percent of the total cost, even to seventy percent for some projects. Therefore, engineers should take into account more data with sophisticated design methods and use more effective techniques during the construction stage. There are so many long and large tunnels with various purposes in the World, especially for highways, railways, water conveyance, and energy production. Tunnels can be designed effectively by means of two and three-dimensional numerical models. Ground-structure interaction is one of the significant factors acting on economic and safe design.
The aim of this book is to collect recently obtained data about tunnel engineering for planning and design stages, to mention experiences obtained during construction, to suggest more appropriate design and construction measures to the stability problem, and to introduce practices resulted in large case studies of Tunnel Engineering.