About the book
This book will discuss recent advances, new perspectives, and applications in the topic of valvular aortic stenosis. Topics in this book will include the etiology and prevalence of severe, moderate, and mild aortic stenosis, the pathophysiology of aortic stenosis, symptoms in patients due to aortic stenosis, and signs in patients with mild, moderate, and severe aortic stenosis. The use of electrocardiography, the chest x-ray, echocardiography, Doppler echocardiography, and of cardiac catheterization in the diagnosis of mild, moderate, and severe aortic stenosis will be discussed. Coronary angiography is indicated in most elderly patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement because of the high prevalence of coronary artery disease in this population. The natural history of severe, moderate, and mild aortic stenosis will be discussed. The medical management of aortic stenosis will be discussed. Indications for surgical aortic valve replacement and for transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis at high- risk, moderate- risk, and low- risk for intervention and the prognosis in these patients with and without intervention will be discussed. Indications for balloon aortic valvuloplasty will also be discussed.