Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Marine Ecosystems - Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Human Impacts

Ana M.M. Gonçalves

University of Coimbra

Dr. Ana Marta Gonçalves (h-index 19) holds a Ph.D. in Biology, from the University of Coimbra, Portugal, in collaboration with Ghent University, in 2011. During her research career obtained several grants is highly international competitive calls, including the MARS award for young scientists funded by The Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) and the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT, Portugal) grants.


Non-indigenous Species Dynamics Ecosystem Maturation Ecological Succession Water Quality Recovery Biodiversity Environmental Status Ecosystem Services Goods Production Carbohydrates Carrageenan

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About the book

Marine Ecosystems are very productive and include the open ocean, the deep-sea ocean, and coastal marine ecosystems, each of which has different physical and biological characteristics. The biodiversity of some of these ecosystems is very rich and abundant offering unique opportunities for high-yield production of proteinaceous material, being a source of high-quality foods. Biodiversity is fundamental to sustaining marine ecosystem services, such as food, maintenance of water quality, and recovery from perturbations, being threatened worldwide. The main threats to marine biodiversity are habitat loss, eutrophication, overexploitation, pollution by hazardous substances, the introduction of non-native species, and other human activities. Efforts to reduce these pressures are essential for coastal water quality, recovery of ecosystem services, global food security, and ecosystem stability. Bioindicators to assess the presence of stressors are important tools to be used as early warning signals to early detect their presence, monitor and management of these ecosystems, and thus promote ecosystem health.

The protection of biodiversity is a major target of the European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive, requiring an assessment of the status of biodiversity on the level of species, habitats, and ecosystems including genetic diversity and the role of biodiversity in food web structure and functioning. The restoration of marine ecosystems can support the productivity and reliability of goods and services that the ocean provides to humankind, to maintain ecosystem integrity and stability. Some of the goods produced by the marine ecosystem services are fish harvests, wild plant and animal resources, water, some of the services provided recreation, tourism, breeding and nursery habitats, water transport, carbon sequestration, erosion control, and habitat provision.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: April 14th 2022

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Deadline for chapter proposals: June 22nd 2022

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Deadline for full chapters: August 21st 2022

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Review results due: November 9th 2022

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Expected publication date: January 8th 2023

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About the editor

Ana M.M. Gonçalves

University of Coimbra

Ana Marta Gonçalves obtained a Ph.D. in Biology with a specialization in Ecology from the University of Coimbra, Portugal, in collaboration with Ghent University, Belgium, in 2011. Currently, she is an auxiliary researcher at the Marine and Environmental Sciences Center (MARE), Portugal, where she is also a member of the Directive Board. Since 2016, she has been a member of the Scientific Council of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research, University of Coimbra (IIIUC). Dr. Gonçalves holds various administrative and management positions in international networks, societies (e.g., Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, AIL), and associations (e.g., PROAQUA). She is an editorial board member and reviewer for several indexed journals. She has published more than 70 journal articles, 50 book chapters, and 165 communications in international scientific events. She participated as a member and/or coordinator in more than twenty-five national and international projects and is currently the coordinator of four research projects. She has supervised more than ninety-five national and international undergraduate and graduate students. She has experience as a teacher of university courses and in accredited training sessions for teachers. Additionally, she has coordinated several ocean literacy and environmental education activities for kindergarten and school students. During her research career, Dr. Gonçalves obtained several grants and a MARS award for young scientists funded by The Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ). She has expertise in biosafety, biochemical pathways, and impacts of stressors in aquatic species. Her research focus is on the valorization of marine resources and their applications in the industrial sector, such as the food and pharmaceutical industries. Her studies also highlight the application of biomarker tools for monitoring and managing aquatic systems

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