Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Advanced Supercritical Fluids Technologies

Igor Pioro

University of Ontario Institute of Technology


Supercritical Fluids Thermophysical Chemical Properties SC Pressure Thermal Power Plants Supercritical Carbon Dioxide SC Fuels SCF Leaching Polymer Processing Extraction Chromatography SC Helium Hydrogen Helium Mixture

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About the book

The use of supercritical fluids in different processes is not new, and, actually, is not a human invention. Nature has been processing minerals in aqueous solutions at near or above the critical point of water for billions of years. In the late 1800s, scientists started to use this natural process in their labs for creating various crystals. In the 1950s, the idea of using SuperCritical (SC) ""steam""-water appeared to be quite attractive for SC “steam” generators. The objective of operating “steam” generators at supercritical pressures was to increase the total efficiency of a power plant. At the end of the 1950s and the beginning of the 1960s, some studies were conducted to investigate the possibility of using SuperCritical Fluids (SCFs) in nuclear reactors. Several concepts of nuclear reactors using SC water as a reactor coolant were developed in the USA and USSR. However, this idea was abandoned for almost 30 years and regained support in the 1990s. Currently, use of SCW in Rankine cycle at coal-fired thermal power plants is the largest application of SCFsin industry. However, other areas exist, where SCFs are used or will be implemented in the near future.
The latest developments in these areas focus on increasing efficiency of the existing ultra-SC and SC “steam” generators; developing the next generation of Generation IV nuclear-reactor concepts with SCW and SC helium as reactor coolants, and SCW, SC helium or a mixture of SC nitrogen and SC helium, and SC carbon dioxide as working fluids in power cycles (Rankine and Brayton); using SC carbon dioxide for cooling of a printed circuits and as a refrigerant agent; use of near-critical helium to cool the coils of superconducting electromagnets, superconducting electronics and power-transmission equipment; use of SC hydrogen as a fuel for chemical and nuclear rockets; use of SC methane as a coolant and a fuel for supersonic transport; use of SC hydrocarbon coolants and fuels in cooling jackets of liquid rocket engines and in air-breathing engines; use of SCW oxidation technology for treatment of industrial and military wastes; use of carbon dioxide in the SCF leaching method for removal uranium from radioactive solid wastes; and use of SCFs in chemical and pharmaceutical industries in such processes as SCF extraction, chromatography, polymer processing and others.
Therefore, the objective of the current book is to summarize all modern advanced applications of SCFs in various industries and processes; to present latest thermophysical and other properties of SCFs; and to discuss specifics of heat transfer and pressure drop SCFs flows.
The book is intended for a wide range of readers, who are working with SCFs and SC pressure technologies, including experts, specialists, scientists, researchers, engineers, and students of mechanical, nuclear, aerospace, chemical engineering and other departments.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: August 28th 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: November 17th 2019

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: February 5th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: April 5th 2020

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Igor Pioro

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Professor Igor Pioro – Ph.D. (1983), Doctor of Technical Sciences (1992), Professional Engineer (Ontario, Canada) (2008), Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) (2012), Canadian Society of Mechanical Engineers (CSME) (2015), and Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) (2013) is an internationally recognized scientist within areas of nuclear engineering (thermalhydraulics of nuclear reactors, Generation-IV nuclear-reactor concepts, etc.) and thermal sciences / engineering (boiling, forced convection including supercritical pressures, etc.). He is author/co-author of more than 480 publications: 11 technical books, 28 chapters in encyclopedias, handbooks and books, 96 papers in refereed journals, 273 papers in refereed proceedings of international and national conferences and symposiums, 26 patents and inventions, and 46 major technical reports. Dr. Pioro graduated from the National Technical University of Ukraine "Kiev Polytechnic Institute" with Master of Applied Science in Thermal Physics in 1979. After that, he worked on various positions including an engineer, senior scientist, deputy director, professor, director of a graduate program in nuclear engineering, and associate dean. Currently, he is associated with the Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (Oshawa, Ontario, Canada). Dr. Pioro is a Founding Editor of the ASME Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science. He was a Chair of the Executive Committee of the Nuclear Engineering Division of the ASME (2011-2012) and a Chair of the International Conference On Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-20) (2011-2012). Professor Pioro has received many international and national awards and certificates of appreciation including a Harold A. Smith Outstanding Contribution Award from Canadian Nuclear Society (CNS) (2017), Medal 60th Anniversary of NED (Nuclear Engineering Division of ASME) (2016); Service Recognition Award from ASME (2014); Honorary Doctor’s Degree from the National Technical University of Ukraine “Kiev Polytechnic Institute” (2013); The CNS Education and Communication Award (2011); UOIT Research Excellence Award (2011); ICONE Award from the ASME (2009); etc.

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