About the book
In 2008, the US Department of Defense (DOD) Systems Engineering Guide for Systems of Systems has defined an SoS as “a set or arrangement of systems that results when independent and useful systems are integrated into a larger system that delivers unique capabilities. SoS development involves the creation of systems, which are collections of legacy, evolving and new systems, that must have a high degree flexibility and adaptability."" The main considerations are: (1) the lack of authority over the constituent systems because of their independent management, funding and objectives that may not align with those of the SoS as a whole, and (2) The emergent behavior adding a large degree of unpredictability, as overall system behavior cannot be predicted by having individual knowledge of each constituent.
Recently in 2019, International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) has released the latest version of the “Guidelines for the Utilization of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 in the Context of System of Systems (SoS) Engineering” to industry for review and comments. The document was developed under the Partner Standards Development Organization cooperation agreement between ISO and IEEE, as it was approved by Council Resolution 49/2007. This document provides guidance for the utilization of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 in the context of SoS in many domains, including healthcare, transportation, energy, defense, corporations, cities, and governments. This document treats an SoS as a system whose elements are managerially and/or operationally independent systems, and which together usually produce results that cannot be achieved by the individual systems alone. This INCOSE guide book perceives that SoS engineering demands a balance between linear procedural procedures for systematic activity and holistic nonlinear procedures due to additional complexity from SoS perspectives.
The objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive reference on Systems-of-Systems Engineering, Modeling, Simulation and Analysis (MS&A) for engineers and researchers in both system engineering and advanced mathematical modeling fields.
The book is organized in two parts, namely Part I and Part II. Part I presents an overview of SOS, SOS Engineering, SOS Enterprise Architecture (SOSEA) and SOS Enterprise (SOSE) Concept of Operations (CONOPS). Part II discusses SOSE MS&A approaches for assessing SOS Enterprise CONOPS (SOSE-CONOPS) and characterizing SOSE performance behavior. Part II focuses on advanced mathematical application concepts to address future complex space SOS challenges that require interdisciplinary research involving game theory, probability and statistics, non-linear programming and mathematical modeling components.
Part I should include topics related to the following areas:
- SOS and SOS Engineering Introduction
- Taxonomy of SOS
- SOS Enterprise (SOSE), SOSE CONOPS, Architecture Frameworks and Decision Support Tools
Part II should address the following research areas:
- SOS Modeling, Simulation & Analysis (SOS M&SA) Methods
- SOS Enterprise Architecture Design Frameworks and Decision Support Tools
- SOS Enterprise CONOPS Assessment Frameworks and Decision Support Tools.