About the book
Wetlands are particular ecosystems in which oxygen-free processes prevail and flowed by water permanently or seasonally. The most important factor that distinguishes wetlands from other landforms or bodies of water is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants adapted to the unique hydric soil. Wetlands constitute the richest and most productive ecosystems of the earth. These areas are highly complex natural systems that serve a wide range of local people and the country at large and have functions and values that are comparable to any other ecosystem on earth. Wetlands are ecosystems with the highest biodiversity after tropical forests. Wetlands, which are suitable feeding, breeding and sheltering environments for many species and are accepted as natural wealth museums not only in their country of origin but also in the whole world. Wetlands, which have an important place in the lives of the people living in their immediate surroundings and contribute to the economy of the region and the country, have an important and different place among other ecosystems in terms of conservation of natural balance and biodiversity. As the impacts of climate change on humans and wildlife increase, the ability of wetlands to adapt to rapidly changing conditions is an indispensable element. There are many types of wetlands characterized by their locations, water attributes, soil composition, and living species, and they are basically called marsh, swamp, bog, and fen. Depending on many factors such as topography, hydrology, vegetation, and human intervention, due to the local and regional differences, wetlands play roles as a reservoir of biodiversity, ensure pollination, purify water, control floods, replenish groundwaters, mitigate climate changes, stabilize shorelines and serves as recreation and tourism area. Because of the benefits mentioned here, protection of both coastal wetlands and inland waters, like other ecosystems, against environmental threats such as pollution and scarcity are essential. Therefore, it is natural that researches on the value given to wetlands and their functions are increasing worldwide. This book invites local and regional case studies or reviews on the construction, reclamation, restoration, and conservation of all types of wetlands. Researches on hydrology, ecology, climate, and use of wetlands will also be covered.